Lower back pain is one of the most common problems you have seen people complaining of. It’s a universal health experience that almost every human faces at some point in his life. One in every five people has paid a visit to their doctor for lower back pain. The lower back starts below the ribcage and is usually called the lumbar region. Most of the time, backaches get better on its own, but in some cases, prompt medical assistance is required.
The lumbar spine or lower back is a well-engineered structure of bones, muscles, tissues, nerves, and ligaments. The lumbar spine, though comprises of a complex structure, provides support, flexibility, and movement of the body. Its rare anatomy makes it vulnerable to pains and injuries. Researchers believe that human stem cells can cure lower back pain and related issues.
Symptoms of lower back pain
Your Lower back supports and provides mobility to your upper body. Muscles in your back help in the movement of hips, legs, and bending and twisting of the upper body. Lower back pain may be a result of aging, arthritis, or injury. Patients often display symptoms that include pain or inflammation. Symptoms of lower backache may be dull ache to a stabbing or shooting pain. Acute back pain comes on suddenly, often after an injury from sports or heavy lifting, and goes away in a few days. When the pain may make it harder for you to move or stand up straight, you need urgent medical assistance. Chronic pain is the one that stays for more than three months. Some notable signs of lower back pain that require medical urgency are:
- Fever with backache
- A shooting pain that goes from the lower back to the leg
- Back pain after a trauma or injury
- Loss of bowel and bladder control
- Difficulty standing up or holding the body straight
- Back muscles pain
- Pain that worsens with movements like bending, lifting or walking
- Weakness or numbness in one or both leg
Back pains that flare up with activities and go away within a few days are not chronic. Unfortunately, some people develop pain in their lower back, which is pretty much isolated. Chronic back pains are often associated with degenerative disc diseases.
What causes the lower back to pain?
Backache is the most complained about the problem to the orthopedics. Lower backache can be caused by a multitude of issues like a sudden injury, age, arthritis, or heavy lifting. The back pain often develops suddenly and can be ruled out by the doctors after imaging studies or other tests. Some conditions that are associated with lower back pain are discussed below:
- Dull or aching muscles pain
The pain that is often resulting of heavy lifting or acute injuries is mostly dull, not sharp, and stays in the lower back. This kind of pain may be associated with mild muscle spasm and limits mobility for a shorter span.
The pain that begins in buttocks and travels down to legs is sciatic pain. The sciatica pain is caused when a bulging lumbar disc irritates a lumbar nerve root. Sciatica most commonly occurs when the herniated disk, bone spur on the spine, or narrowing of the spine, in the lower back or part of it, is pinched. This causes inflammation, pain, and often some numbness in one leg.
Osteoarthritis is the wear and tear or degeneration of the joints. Osteoarthritis in hips, lower back, or backbone joints causes lower back pain.
- Spinal facet disease
Facet disease is the most cause of back and neck pain. It occurs when the facet joints in your spine degenerate to the point of causing painful symptoms and limit the movement. Facet joints are lined with cartilage that provides cushioning of the joint to absorb shock and bear weigh in the spine.
Bones, including vertebrae of the spine, becomes porous or fragile because of the decrease in the bones lose their density. A patient may suffer from lower back pain due to osteoporosis.
Tips for dealing back pain
As your lower back provides structural support and movement, and your spine supports your trunk, give it stability, and help to maintain posture. Both of them play a pivotal role in support posture and maintain the balance of the body. Lower back pain can have an adverse impact on your daily life. Here are a few tips by which you can deal with lower backache effectively.
Maintain a good posture: if you are suffering from lumbar pain, you need to maintain a good posture while sitting and performing physical activities. You can use a back supporting belt to keep your weight evenly distributed on your lumbar region.
Use cold and hot compress: living with constant pain is difficult, but its management can help to maintain a healthy lifestyle. You can do icing on the hurting area to relieve the pain. Also, hot compress can help in foster the pain.
Stretching: Stretching your muscles in different directions, with the assistance of a physical therapist or fitness trainer, you can maintain the pain in the lumbar region. Even the backbone pain and neck pain can be relieved by merely doing some stretches and exercises.
Maintain a healthy weight: as your lower region is responsible for weight-bearing of the upper body, it is important not to test your lumbar area beyond its capacity. If you are a sufferer of lower backache or even if you are not, you should maintain a good healthy weight for better working of all your joints and bones.
Massage: massaging your lower back with some doctor’s recommended ointments and pain relievers can help to release tension in your lower back muscles.
Footwear and mattress: The right shoe helps well in supporting your back and maintaining an excellent overall posture. Also, sleeping on a good quality mattress can help in managing the pain. Bad quality and poorly textured mattress can ruin your sleeping patterns and worsen your backache.
OTC pain relievers: if the above recommendations do not work well for your backache. You can use over the counter available pain-relieving medicines.
Conventional Treatments for lower back pain
Patients complaining of lower back pain, if not get relived within six weeks, are recommended by doctors to go for scans. These diagnosis techniques include x-rays, MRI scans, and imaging studies. When the problem is ruled out by the physicians, next comes the treatment options availability. Current conventional treatment options for the lower backaches are usually to suppress the pain. These treatments include:
- Physical therapy
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Pain relievers
- Therapeutic injections
- In some severe cases spinal or lumbar surgeries
These therapies and treatments have temporary impacts or may come with other problems along with relief. Most of them are aimed to manage pain and return the patient to perform normal daily activities with less difficulty. However, none of the conventional treatments have proved any long-lasting impact.
Stem cell treatment for lower backache
Spinal disc degeneration (spinal disc wear and tear) and disc herniation (the torn outer portion of the vertebral disc) are the two conditions that cause pain in the lower region. Also, spinal facet disease is one of the most common causes of neck and back pain. Stem cell treatment has proved to be a long term effective treatment for neck pain and backaches.
Human stem cells for degenerative disc disease has the potential to restore damaged disc structure, function, and relieve the pain. Adult stem cells are now being utilized to treat the sciatic pain by stabilizing the nerve function and reduce the inflammation and irritation of the compressed nerve.
Regenerative medicine therapies are at low risk with a more significant impact. Stem cell treatment is leading Pakistan‘s biomedical field to cater to the diseases that had relatively no cure in the past. For decades patients were dependent on pain management techniques only. Now, this revolutionary treatment has proved the patients with degenerative disc disease and surgery required sciatic nerve pain to advance towards a better healthy life.